Overview of the content

To better understand the Engineering Gravity Wave Analysis below are some resources to get you started in Fall 2023.  We will be providing code for analysis if your team wants to analyze your own data. 

An extensive learning unit will be provided after the holiday break that walks those interested through the details of this analysis. 

Additional information and resources will be provided as they become available, so check back soon.

See also Lesson 5 on Weather, Earth's atmosphere, and atmospheric gravity waves.


Gravity Wave Methods Overview. Free copies of this book may be available online.

Download from the NEBP Education Google Drive


Introduction to Atmospheric Gravity Waves by Nappo.

Citizen science project

Surfs up! It’s time to catch an atmospheric wave as we launch Gravity Wave Zoo!

In Gravity Wave Zoo, we ask you to identify gravity waves, instabilities, and aurora in short video clips. The pictures were taken using a camera that views in the infrared, equipped with a fisheye lens, so they show the detail in a large part of the sky. Classifying these events will help us understand how energy is transported through the atmosphere. Anyone can do Gravity Wave Zoo, and there is not always a "right" answer. If you're not sure, just take your best guess!


Gravity Wave Detection in the Stratosphere using High Altitude Balloon GPS Data


Won first place last year at the Academic High Altitude Conference (AHAC)


Physics and overview of gravity waves 

Fritts, D. C., and Alexander, M. J. Gravity wave dynamics and effects in the middle atmosphere,Rev. Geophys., 41, 1003, https://doi:10.1029/2001RG000106, (2003)

Overview of various approaches

Zhang, S. D., Yi, F., Huang, C. M., & Huang, K. M. High vertical resolution analyses of gravity
waves and turbulence at a midlatitude station. J. Geophys. Res., 117, D02103.
https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JD016587 (2012)

Fourier analysis

Gong, J., and M. A. Geller. Vertical fluctuation energy in United States high vertical resolution
radiosonde data as an indicator of convective gravity wave sources. J. Geophys. Res.,
115, D1110. https://doi.org/10.1029/2009JD012265 (2010)


Hirota, I., and T. Niki. A statistical study of inertia-gravity waves in the middle atmosphere. J.
Meteor. Soc. Japan, 63,1055-1066. https://doi.org/10.2151/jmsj1965.63.6_1055 (1985)

Guest, F. M., M. J. Reeder, C. J. Marks, and D. J. Karoly. Inertia-gravity waves observed in the
lower stratosphere over Macquarie Island. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 737-752.
https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<0737:IGWOIT>2.0.CO;2 (2000).

Polarization (overlaps with hodograph)

Eckermann, S. D. Hodographic analysis of gravity waves: Relationships among Stokes
parameters, rotary spectra and cross-spectral methods. J. Geophys. Res., 101, D14,
19169-19174.  https://doi.org/10.1029/96JD01578 (1996).